By: Kyoka Millard
After nearly four hours of debate, the Historic Security Council drafted a resolution regarding the Vietnam War. It called for establishing forces between North and South Korea along the 17th parallel, and seceding all foreign troops from the area. However, South Korea was against such actions, as they feared they would not be able to defend themselves against the Viet Cong without the help of other nations.
Despite South Korea’s opposition, the majority appeared to be in favor of the resolution. However, before the Council was able to vote on the resolution, the representative from the United Kingdom submitted an amendment. Calling for oversight of the proposed program, the amendment was immediately met with backlash from several members. In spite of the opposition, the United Kingdom used their powers as a permanent member to state that they would veto the resolution if their amendment was not passed.
Taking the UK’s power into consideration, the Council debated whether or not the amendment should be brought forward. Among those who were opposed to bringing the amendment forward were the USSR, the United States, and China.
“I think the resolution as is laid out has the potential of being not just, ‘time out, you two, stop fighting,’” said Nick McGrath, the representative from China, while addressing the representatives of North and South Vietnam. “I think it is enough of a multifaceted peace agreement that you two can peaceably coexist with one another.”
Representative McGrath also addressed the possibilities of breaking treaties, to which he stated that the help of the United Nations and other countries would help prevent such situations. Though large nations such as China and the United States voiced their opposition against the amendment, the United Kingdom’s vetoing power still made it an issue to continue debate.
Eventually, the Historic Security Council was able to come to an agreement. The amendment itself was amended, and it was edited to establish a committee of peacekeepers to oversee the removal of the Viet Cong from South Vietnam. With the amendment instated into the resolution, the Council was able to pass their resolution with widespread support. Delegates were pleased at the resolution’s ability to establish peacekeeping efforts in the affected area while still maintaining respect for each nation’s autonomy, and took into account the various issues that were present during the Vietnam War.